THE SEPTEMBER 2013 RAIN AND FLOOD EVENTS IN THE FLAMíS VALLEY BASIN. CAUSES, CHARACTERISTICS AND THEIR IMPACT UPON THE ENVIRONMENT


BORCAN MIHAELA, FLOREA CRISTINA, TROCEA I., NEDELCU G.


ABSTRACT: The September 2013 rain and flood events in the Flamís Valley basin. Causes, characteristics and their impact upon the environment. Between 11.09 and 14.09 2013 the north-eastern part of Tulcea County, especially the areas located around Somova village was affected by heavy, torrential rainfall that totalized over 30 mm/sq m and triggered dangerous hydrological phenomena (important slope, stream and river flows). As a result of these heavy downpours, Flamís Valley was affected by an exceptional flash-flood which measured a peak discharge that reached a 1% exceeding probability. Another destructive characteristic of the weather phenomena that occurred in September 2013 was that the heavy rain was accompanied by violent gusty winds that resembled tornado-like features, bringing serious threat to houses, households and roads. In this paper we have analyzed the weather features that produced the September 2013 flash flood from both a spatial and a temporal perspective. The hydrological analysis focuses on the peak discharge that was recorded during the flash flood as well as on the characteristics elements of the topographic profiles. The paper ends with a brief presentation of the consequences that the weather and hydrological phenomena had upon the environment and population as well.


Keywords: Heavy rainfall, hydrological phenomena, flash flood, topographic profiles.

 

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