VARIABILITY OF THE THERMAL CONTINENTALITY INDEX IN CENTRAL EUROPE
ABSTRACT. Variability of the thermal continentality index in Central Europe. The paper presents the spatial and temporal variability of thermal continentality in Central Europe. Gorczyńskiís and Johansson-Ringlebís formulae were used to derive the continentality index. The study also looked at the annual patterns of air temperature amplitude (A), a component of both of these formulae, and D; the difference between the average temperatures of autumn (Sep.-Nov.) and spring (Mar.-May). Records of six weather stations representing the climate of Central Europe were included in the study covering the period 1775-2012 (Potsdam, Drezden, Prague, Vienna, Krakow, Debrecen). The highest continentality index was found in Debrecen and the lowest in Potsdam. The continentality index fluctuated with time with two pronounced dips at the turn of the 19th century and in the second half of the 20th century. The highest continentality index values were recorded during the 1930s and 1940s.
Keywords: continentality index, air temperature amplitude, Central Europe