THE SYNOPTIC CONDITIONS AND THE CRITICAL LEVELS OF POLLUTION FOR SPECIFIC SITUATIONS IN BUCHAREST
VALENTINA-MARIANA MANOIU, STEFAN GHEORGHE, ALEXANDRU-IOAN CRACIUN
ABSTRACT. - The synoptic conditions and the critical levels of pollution for specific situations in Bucharest. The air in Bucharest is one of the most polluted in Europe and the most polluted in Romania. The purpose of our study is to present several particular situations where the maximum allowable concentrations of air pollutants (tracked by the local monitoring stations) were exceeded, while also explaining the synoptic weather conditions which favoured theses outcomes. The study is based on the analysis and interpretation of the data provided by the Environmental Department of the Capitalís City Hall, the National Meteorology Administration and the Offenbach German Meteorological Service. Such studies can be used to avoid critical levels of pollution: knowing the synoptic weather overview favourable to pollutant stagnation on certain days, the City Hall could take measures to reduce or ban traffic during those hours or on those days, while also warning the sensitive categories of the population in order to avoid exposure to the high levels of pollutants.
Keywords: synoptic conditions, air pollution, Bucharest