MONITORING AND EARLY-WARNING OF METEOROLOGICAL RISK SITUATIONS IN OLTENIA
BURADA CRISTINA, BRANCUS MIHAELA, BACESCU ADRIANA, COLAN MIETTA, FLOREA C-TIN, VELEA LILIANA
ABSTRACT. – Monitoring and early-warning of meteorological risk situations in Oltenia. Among the natural hazards affecting the human well-being and properties, meterological events are first to come in mind, due to their frequency, (immediate) effects and (improving) predictability. Assesment of these components are the first step in risk management, when the knowledge on the hazard type and characteristics is essential for defining the vulnerability and exposure and thus for preparing the mitigation plans. The spatial scale of dangerous meteorological situations is, in most cases, the regional one, but sometimes the area of major intensity or even the area of manifestation is small enough (e.g. hail, heavy rain showers) to be classifed as ‚local’. Furthermore, other factors like the local geographical features, population density, goods and properties at risk (e.g. cultivated areas, buildings, infrastructure etc) come into play in defining the severity of the weather event and/or the needs for interventions aiming to reduce the effects of the weather situation. In this context, the monitoring of potentially dangerous meteorological conditions and the improved forecasting capabilities and accuracy become increasingly important. In this paper, we present a short overview of the severe meteorological events affecting the Oltenia region along with aspects regarding their monitoring, early-warning and socio-economical impact in the area of interest, with a focus on the Dolj county during the 2013-2015 period.
Keywords: meteorological hazards, early-warning, socio-economic impact.