SAHARAN DUST TRANSPORT OVER ROMANIA
I. MARINICӐ, F. MOLDOVAN, Andreea MARINICӐ
ABSTRACT. – Saharan dust transport over Romania. The paper analyses the synoptic process of Saharan dust or sand transport which might affect Romanian territory too. The main cause of Saharan dust transport on large distances is associated to an intense Mediterranean cyclone, as well as to a specific configuration of the jet stream. The rainfall occurring in these periods were called „dirty rains” or „blood rains”. The presence of the Saharan dust over Romania is quite frequent in transition seasons (especially in spring), as well as in summer, less often during winter. In cases of high intensity, the phenomenon might have significant economic consequences, especially affecting the air transport, and people’s health too. Under the circumstances of the intensification of actual climate warming, the transport of Saharan dust or sand may become more intense and more frequent. The paper is useful for all the people interested in climate changes and their consequences.
Keywords: aerosols, Saharan dust and sand, Mediterranean cyclone, jet stream, tropical circulation, rainfalls, consequences, Romania.