WINTER EXTREME EVENTS – ROMANIAN CARPATHIAN AVALANCHES
A. PAŞOL, C. GRECU, U. RECKERTH
ABSTRACT. – The study presents a statistics of avalanche cases recorded in Romanian Carpathians over the years, most of them since February 2004, when the National Meteorological Administration program for snow and avalanches started, but also from Mountain Rescue Teams, various articles or works. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the meteorological context in which these phenomena occurred. Similar conditions in wich avalanches were triggered are also presented, as basis for future data comparison and work in avalanche risk estimation. Classical methods of meteorological study were used: the evolution of key meteorological parameters over the territory of our country, the barometric topographic maps from ground level and altitude (850 and 500 hPa level), that were taken from the archives of the National Administration of Meteorology, and the GFS model (www.wetter3.de). The study is part of Project Snowball, which aims to inventory the cases of avalanches previously known in our country and favorable conditions of release, to better estimate the risk of avalanches and minimize the effects it could have on the environment and people.
Acknowledgement: „The research leading to these results has received funding from EEA Financial Mecanism 2009 - 2014 under the project contract no 19SEE/2014
Keywords: statistic, avalanche, ground-pressure, geopotential, temperature