How to cite: Urițescu, B., Grigoraș, G., Ionac, N. (2019) The Influence of Urban Morphology on the Urban Microclimate. 2019 ”Air and Water – Components of the Environment” Conference Proceedings, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, p. 311-322,
THE INFLUENCE OF URBAN MORPHOLOGY ON THE URBAN MICROCLIMATE
Bogdan URIȚESCU , Georgiana GRIGORAȘ , Nicoleta IONAC
ABSTRACT. – In this paper, GIS techniques and satellite data are used in order to analyze the impact of the two types of urban design existing in the neighborhoods of Bucharest on the local microclimate. The two types of urban morphology considered are separated in time by a natural event, the earthquake from 1977, a phenomenon that has changed the evolution of urban planning of the city. The stages of the study are: i) geospatial analysis of urban morphology with emphasis on the construction features of each period; ii) spatial analysis of the land surface temperature in correlation with urban morphology, using Landsat satellite images; iii) microclimate simulation using ENVI-met software to highlight the local thermal environment. The analysis of satellite data highlighted higher values of the land surface temperature in neighborhoods built after 1977 compared to ones built before that year. The simulation results highlight the differences of thermal environment between the two categories analyzed, lower values of air and surface temperatures for the neighborhoods built before 1977.
Keywords: urban microclimate; simulation; urban morphology; ENVI-met .
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