How to cite: Sanislai, D., Bătinaş, R., Șerban, Gh. (2020) The Biggest Floods of the 1979-2014 Period and Their Impact on the Population in the Lower Basin of Crasna River (North-West Romania). 2020 ”Air and Water – Components of the Environment” Conference Proceedings, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, p. 105-116, DOI: 10.24193/AWC2020_10.
THE BIGGEST FLOODS OF THE 1979-2014 PERIOD AND THEIR
IMPACT ON THE POPULATION IN THE LOWER BASIN OF THE
CRASNA RIVER (NORTH-WEST ROMANIA)
Daniel SANISLAI , Răzvan BĂTINAŞ , Gheorghe ȘERBAN
ABSTRACT. – The plain’s area, located on the lower course of the Crasna River (the Lower Plain of Someș), during the greatest floods produced in the homonymous basin, suffered from floods exposure, often resulting in immense material damages. Given the fact that the area is subject to frequent flooding, the knowledge of the characteristic elements of the flood waves is of particular importance in the design and placement of buildings, in the design of reservoirs with multiple functions, but especially in the prevention and warning of the population in case of floods. One of the objectives of the study was to quantify the damages caused and to indicate the potential material and human damages, for the administrative-territorial units affected by the floods, based on the hazard flood map. Along with the risk of floods map, the hazard flood map is part of the documentation for the county territory planning and is detailed in the general, regional and local urban planning plans of the localities. The structural and non-structural measures presented in the study have as a final result the warning of the population, its safety and not lastly the information regarding the measures of prevention and control of these water risk phenomena.
Keywords: flood, inundation, defense level, hydrological risk, material damages, psycho-social impact
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